综合

“共和”与“民主”的趋同

——美国革命时期对“共和政体”的重新界定

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评论(0)|2014-02-01|发布 宁轼

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【英文标题】The Convergence of "Republic" and "Democracy": The Redefining of "the Republican Form of Government" during the American Revolution 【作者简介】李剑鸣,北京大学历史系,北京 100871     李剑鸣,北京大学历史系教授、博士生导师,研究方向为美国史。 【内容提要】 During the American Revolution, great changes had taken place in the definition of “republic,” an ancient word in the political language. Illuminated by the political theories and historical experiences, and guided by their perceptions of the current society, the American founders not only set up a new type of government, but also produced for it a comprehensive discourse of defense and interpretation, thus accomplished the reconceptualization of “the republican form of government.” This new model of republican government was no longer deemed a mixed government in which the patrician and the plebian shared political powers, but a representative government solely based on the sovereignty of the people. Its s......

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系统分类:历史学 >> 世界近代史

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